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PRODUCTS
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LEMON







 

Scientific name: Citrus limon
Common name: Lemon
Local name: Akutu
Family: Rutaceae

Description: The lemon is a small evergreen tree
originally native of Asia
Habitat: It is cultivated among Orange trees
Part used: Fruit, husk
Active ingredients: Carbohydrates, Vitamin C, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, potassium, Zinc, Phosphorus, Pantothenic acid, Niacin, Riboflavin etc. Citric acid.

Uses - Culinary use: used in making lemonade and as a
garnish for drinks. Used in making mamalade. It is a flavouring agent as well. Lemon liqueurs are made from lemon rind.
Non culinary uses: Attached to electrode and used as a battery to produce electricity.
Insecticide: The d-limoneu in lemon oil is used as a nontoxic insecticide treatment. Anti-bacterial use because it has low pH. Used in Aromatherapy
 


METEL OR BLACK DATURA







 

Scientific name: Datura metel
Common name: Metel or Black datura
Family: Solanaceae
Parts used: Leaves or Seed
Chemical constituents: Tropane alkaloids:(hyoscine,hyoscamine (atropine ) and other related alkaloids) triterpenoids. (Sterols, withanolides)

Uses:
Antispasmodic in renal and abdominal colic, Anti asthmatic; mydriatic in ophthalmic Practice; for drying up sweat and oral secretions. For preparation of
hyoscine.


 

  COLA

Scientific name: Kola nitida
Common name: Cola nuts
Description: The cola nut tree is an evergreen tree cultivated in the forest and high savannah areas. It takes between 7 to 8 years to fruit.
Habitat: Could be found in the wild in the forest and high savannah.

Uses: The kola nut has a bitter flavor and contains caffeine. It is chewed in many West African cultures, individually or in a group setting. It is often used ceremonially, presented to tribal chiefs or presented to guests.

It is preferred among African Muslims, who are forbidden to drink alcohol. Chewing kola nut can ease hunger pangs. Frequent chewing of the kola nut can also lead to stained teeth. Among the urban youth of West Africa, kola nut is becoming less popular. Outside mainland Africa, some species are cultivated
for their nuts in Brazil, Jamaica and elsewhere in the humid tropics. Kola nuts are often used to treat whooping cough and
asthma. The caffeine present acts as a bronchodilator,
expanding the bronchial air passages. Kola nuts are perhaps best known to Western culture as a flavouring ingredient and one of the sources of caffeine in cola and other similarly flavoured beverages.

Season: October - February

   

 Allanblackia floribunda seed

English /Common name: Allanblackia
Family: Culliaceae (Guttiferal)
Part used: Seed

Active Ingredients: Yet to be identified

Uses: Edible oil. Very useful in soap making

Season: January - March


   

 DESMODIUM

Scientific name: Desmodium adscendens
Common names: Bush groundnut, spider's groundnut
Local names: Akwanfanu,
Ananse nkatea (Twi)
Nwomenle Ahule (Nzema),
Azigbe, Anyigba-Zi (Ewe).

Description: Straggling undershrubs sometimesprostrate; slender stems roots at nodes and internodes,branching at nodes; leaves compound trifoliate etc.
Habit: Occurs in moist, shaded places in forest areas on
cultivated land especially along footpaths and Cocoa farms.
Chemical constituents: Alkaloids. B-phenethylamine
derivatives, N, N-dimethyltryptamine salsoline; saponin:
soyasaponin I and III, soyasapogenol B and E.

Uses: Anti asthmatic (for treatment and prevention) for
treating abdominal colic, diarrhoea and dysmenorrhoea. Galactogogue. Has anti-asthmatic properties; has an anti-allergic activity.

 

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